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Legal News
1 Apr 2008
by Lisl Brunner

[JURIST] Former Argentinean naval officer Ricardo Miguel Cavallo [Trial Watch profile; JURIST news archive] was extradited Monday from Spain to Argentina, where he will face trial for crimes committed during Argentina's 1976-83 "Dirty War" [Global Security backgrounder; JURIST news archive]. Cavallo was a lieutenant at the Navy School of Mechanics … [read more]


Legal News
25 Mar 2008
by Lisl Brunner

[JURIST] Lawyers for Guatemalan adoption agency Casa Quivira [agency website] have been charged with human trafficking [JURIST news archive] as a result of irregularities discovered in the agency's records, the defendants' lawyers said Monday. The investigation began in August, when government authorities raided the premises of Casa Quivira and removed … [read more]


Legal News
5 Mar 2008
by Lisl Brunner

[JURIST] Colombian President Alvaro Uribe [official website; BBC profile] declared Tuesday that his country would bring charges against Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez [BBC profile; JURIST news archive] in the International Criminal Court (ICC) [official website] for allegedly "sponsoring and financing genocide" in Colombia. It was not immediately evident, however, how … [read more]


Legal News
26 Feb 2008
by Lisl Brunner

[JURIST] Guatemala [JURIST news archive] on Monday announced plans to declassify documents describing human rights abuses committed by its military during the country's 1960-1996 civil war [GlobalSecurity backgrounder]. Guatemalan President Alvaro Colom [personal website; BBC profile] has created a panel to review the documents, which the military has thus far … [read more]


Legal News
20 Feb 2008
by Lisl Brunner

[JURIST] An Argentinean woman has brought charges against her adoptive parents for kidnapping her and falsifying her identity during Argentina's "Dirty War" [GlobalSecurity backgrounder; JURIST news archive]. While several other cases have dealt with the abduction of children [BBC report] by Argentinean military agents in the 1970s, this marks the … [read more]


Legal News
20 Feb 2008
by Lisl Brunner

[JURIST] The resignation [text] of Cuban President Fidel Castro [BBC profile] could prompt lawsuits against him in Spanish courts for crimes against humanity, Spanish human rights lawyers indicated on Tuesday. In December, the Spanish Audiencia Nacional dismissed a claim against Castro [JURIST report] and Cuban Minister of Tourism Osmani Cienfuegos … [read more]


Legal News
1 Feb 2008
by Lisl Brunner

[JURIST] Hundreds of judges and lawyers in El Salvador [JURIST news archive] marched to the Supreme Court of Justice [official website] on Thursday to protest challenges that the Attorney General has made to the rulings of four judges. Last week, Attorney General Felix Safie asked the Supreme Court to investigate … [read more]


Legal News
25 Jan 2008
by Lisl Brunner

[JURIST] The Mexican military has committed grave human rights abuses, including the torture, rape and murder of civilians, according to a report [press release] from the Mexican National Human Rights Commission [official website] submitted to the Mexican National Congress. According to Commission President Jorge Luis Soberanes Fernandez, the military committed … [read more]


Legal News
17 Jan 2008
by Lisl Brunner

[JURIST] Peru filed an application [press release] with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) [official website] Wednesday over its ongoing maritime boundary dispute with Chile. Peru has been threatening to bring the case before the ICJ since the court resolved a similar dispute [JURIST reports] between Nicaragua and Honduras in … [read more]


Legal News
6 Dec 2007
by Lisl Brunner

[JURIST] Bolivian President Evo Morales [official website; BBC profile] has proposed a national referendum on whether he and the country's nine provincial governors should remain in office in response to accusations that the process of creating a new constitution [text] has been illegitimate. Although the text was approved [JURIST report] … [read more]


Legal News
28 Nov 2007
by Lisl Brunner

[JURIST] The Simon Wiesenthal Center [advocacy website] announced Tuesday that it will extend its campaign to capture and prosecute suspected Nazi war criminals to four South American countries. In a press conference in Buenos Aires, director Efraim Zuroff outlined the details of Operation Last Chance [project website], which will offer … [read more]


Legal News
14 Nov 2007
by Lisl Brunner

[JURIST] The Supreme Court of Chile [official website] affirmed seven convictions and overturned one on Tuesday in cases involving murders committed by state agents during the 1973-90 regime of former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet [BBC profile; JURIST news archive]. Former Air Force General Freddy Ruiz Bunger and six former members … [read more]


Legal News
8 Nov 2007
by Lisl Brunner

[JURIST] Argentinian President Nestor Kirchner [official website] dedicated a new monument to victims of the 1976-83 Dirty War [Global Security backgrounder] in Buenos Aires on Wednesday. The monument, on which the names of thousands of victims are engraved, sits beside the Rio de la Plata, where drugged prisoners who were … [read more]


Legal News
6 Nov 2007
by Lisl Brunner

[JURIST] The Uruguayan Senate passed a bill Tuesday that partially decriminalizes abortion [JURIST news archive], but the proposal may not have the support needed to override the veto promised by Uruguyan President Tabare Vazquez [BBC profile]. According to the draft law, a mother may terminate her pregnancy during the first … [read more]


Legal News
6 Nov 2007
by Lisl Brunner

[JURIST] Human rights groups, including the The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, on Tuesday called for a government investigation [IACHR press release] into a fire that killed at least 32 prisoners in northern Argentina [JURIST news archive] on Sunday following a riot at the facility. The government claims that the … [read more]


Legal News
6 Nov 2007
by Lisl Brunner

[JURIST] Former Venezuelan Defense Minister Raul Baduel spoke out against the constitutional reforms pushed by Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez [BBC profile; JURIST news archive] on Monday, claiming that the proposed reforms would deprive the Venezuelan people of their power over the government and result in a virtual coup by the … [read more]


Legal News
29 Oct 2007
by Lisl Brunner

[JURIST] The government of Peru plans to file a complaint against Chile [JURIST news archives] with the International Court of Justice [official website] seeking resolution of the countries' maritime boundary dispute [LA Times report] in November or December, el Comercio reported Monday. While Peruvian Minister of External Relations Jose Antonia … [read more]


Legal News
24 Oct 2007
by Lisl Brunner

[JURIST] Thousands of Venezuelan students on Tuesday protested the proposed constitutional reforms [JURIST report] advanced by Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez [BBC profile; JURIST news archive] which are currently under consideration in the Venezuelan National Assembly [official website, in Spanish]. On Saturday, the National Assembly approved a proposal to eliminate presidential … [read more]


Legal News
17 Oct 2007
by Lisl Brunner

[JURIST] The Venezuelan National Assembly [official website] on Wednesday debated a set of proposed amendments to the constitution, including reforms that would eliminate presidential term limits and augment the president's emergency powers. In August, the proposed amendments passed a preliminary vote [JURIST report] in the Assembly; after the current round … [read more]


Legal News
16 Oct 2007
by Lisl Brunner

[JURIST] Ecuadorean President Rafael Correa [official website, BBC profile] said Monday that the country's newly elected Constituent Assembly [JURIST report] will consider transforming the current Constitutional Tribunal [official website] into a Constitutional Court insulated from political pressure. While the new court would still determine the constitutionality of laws, its members … [read more]


Legal News
12 Oct 2007
by Lisl Brunner

[JURIST] El Salvador defended its 1993 amnesty law in a hearing [recorded video] Wednesday before the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) [official website] dealing with the country's failure to investigate the 1980 murder of Archbishop Oscar Romero [BBC backgrounder]. Representatives of the Salvadoran government maintained that the amnesty law … [read more]


Legal News
10 Oct 2007
by Lisl Brunner

[JURIST] An Argentinean court sentenced former military chaplain Christian von Wernich [Trial Watch profile] Tuesday to life imprisonment for participating in seven homicides, 34 cases of torture and 42 cases of kidnapping during the Argentina's Dirty War [Global Security backgrounder; JURIST news archive]. Von Wernich is the third person to … [read more]


Legal News
8 Oct 2007
by Lisl Brunner

[JURIST] The International Court of Justice [official website] issued an opinion [PDF opinion; press release] Monday resolving a maritime boundary dispute between Nicaragua and Honduras [JURIST news archive] and granting possession of four small Caribbean islands to Honduras. Nicaragua filed the suit in 1999, claiming that no legal maritime border … [read more]


Legal News
28 Sep 2007
by Lisl Brunner

[JURIST] The government of Cuba [JURIST news archive] Thursday detained at least forty protesters who gathered outside the Ministry of Justice to demand humane treatment for the country's estimated 250 political prisoners. All but one of those detained were released on Friday, but former political prisoner Jose Luis Garcia Perez, … [read more]


Legal News
26 Sep 2007
by Lisl Brunner

[JURIST] Haitian President Rene Preval Tuesday declared his intent to continue investigating former Haitian president Jean-Claude Duvalier [BBC backgrounder], despite the latter's recent plea for forgiveness from the people of Haiti [JURIST news archive]. Duvalier, who became president in 1971 at the age of 19, is accused of embezzling money … [read more]

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