!!!!!A Collaboration with University of Pittsburgh   

Executive Order 12978

Issued by William J. Clinton on Saturday 21 October 1995


Blocking Assets and Prohibiting Transactions With Significant Narcotics Traffickers

Federal Register, Volume 60 Issue 205 (Tuesday, October 24, 1995)

[Federal Register Volume 60, Number 205 (Tuesday, October 24, 1995)]
[Presidential Documents]
[Pages 54579-54580]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 95-26569]




[[Page 54577]]

_______________________________________________________________________

Part III





The President





_______________________________________________________________________



Executive Order 12978--Blocking Assets and Prohibiting Transactions 
With Significant Narcotics Traffickers


                        Presidential Documents 



Federal Register / Vol. 60, No. 205 / Tuesday, October 24, 1995 / 
Presidential Documents

___________________________________________________________________

Title 3--
The President

[[Page 54579]]

                Executive Order 12978 of October 21, 1995

                
Blocking Assets and Prohibiting Transactions With 
                Significant Narcotics Traffickers

                By the authority vested in me as President by the 
                Constitution and the laws of the United States of 
                America, including the International Emergency Economic 
                Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) (IEEPA), the 
                National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.), and 
                section 301 of title 3, United States Code,

                I, WILLIAM J. CLINTON, President of the United States 
                of America, find that the actions of significant 
                foreign narcotics traffickers centered in Colombia, and 
                the unparalleled violence, corruption, and harm that 
                they cause in the United States and abroad, constitute 
                an unusual and extraordinary threat to the national 
                security, foreign policy, and economy of the United 
                States, and hereby declare a national emergency to deal 
                with that threat.

                Section 1. Except to the extent provided in section 
                203(b) of IEEPA (50 U.S.C. 1702(b)) and in regulations, 
                orders, directives, or licenses that may be issued 
                pursuant to this order, and notwithstanding any 
                contract entered into or any license or permit granted 
                prior to the effective date, I hereby order blocked all 
                property and interests in property that are or 
                hereafter come within the United States, or that are or 
                hereafter come within the possession or control of 
                United States persons, of:

                (a) the foreign persons listed in the Annex to this 
                order;

                (b) foreign persons determined by the Secretary of the 
                Treasury, in consultation with the Attorney General and 
                the Secretary of State:

                    (i) to play a significant role in international 
                narcotics trafficking centered in Colombia; or
                    (ii) materially to assist in, or provide financial 
                or technological support for or goods or services in 
                support of, the narcotics trafficking activities of 
                persons designated in or pursuant to this order; and

                (c) persons determined by the Secretary of the 
                Treasury, in consultation with the Attorney General and 
                the Secretary of State, to be owned or controlled by, 
                or to act for or on behalf of, persons designated in or 
                pursuant to this order.

                Sec. 2. Further, except to the extent provided in 
                section 203(b) of IEEPA and in regulations, orders, 
                directives, or licenses that may be issued pursuant to 
                this order, and notwithstanding any contract entered 
                into or any license or permit granted prior to the 
                effective date, I hereby prohibit the following:

                 (a) any transaction or dealing by United States 
                persons or within the United States in property or 
                interests in property of the persons designated in or 
                pursuant to this order;

                 (b) any transaction by any United States person or 
                within the United States that evades or avoids, or has 
                the purpose of evading or avoiding, or attempts to 
                violate, any of the prohibitions set forth in this 
                order.

                 Sec. 3. For the purposes of this order:

                 (a) the term ``person'' means an individual or entity;

                 (b) the term ``entity'' means a partnership, 
                association, corporation, or other organization, group 
                or subgroup;

[[Page 54580]]


                 (c) the term ``United States person'' means any United 
                States citizen or national, permanent resident alien, 
                entity organized under the laws of the United States 
                (including foreign branches), or any person in the 
                United States:

                 (d) the term ``foreign person'' means any citizen or 
                national of a foreign state (including any such 
                individual who is also a citizen or national of the 
                United States) or any entity not organized solely under 
                the laws of the United States or existing solely in the 
                United States, but does not include a foreign state; 
                and

                 (e) the term ``narcotics trafficking'' means any 
                activity undertaken illicitly to cultivate, produce, 
                manufacture, distribute, sell, finance or transport, or 
                otherwise assist, abet, conspire, or collude with 
                others in illicit activities relating to, narcotic 
                drugs, including, but not limited to, cocaine.

                 Sec. 4. The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation 
                with the Attorney General and the Secretary of State, 
                is hereby authorized to take such actions, including 
                the promulgation of rules and regulations, and to 
                employ all powers granted to the President by IEEPA as 
                may be necessary to carry out this order. The Secretary 
                of the Treasury may redelegate any of these functions 
                to other officers and agencies of the United States 
                Government. All agencies of the United States 
                Government are hereby directed to take all appropriate 
                measures within their authority to carry out this 
                order.

                 Sec. 5. Nothing contained in this order shall create 
                any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, 
                enforceable by any party against the United States, its 
                agencies or instrumentalities, its officers or 
                employees, or any other person.

                 Sec. 6. (a) This order is effective at 12:01 a.m. 
                Eastern Daylight Time on October 22, 1995.

                 (b) This order shall be transmitted to the Congress 
                and published in the Federal Register.

                    (Presidential Sig.)

                THE WHITE HOUSE,

                    October 21, 1995.

                Billing code 3195-01-P
                ANNEX

                Gilberto Rodriguez Orejuela
                Miguel Angel Rodriguez Orejuela
                Jose Santacruz Londono
                Helmer Herrera Buitrago

[FR Doc. 95-26569
Filed 10-23-95; 11:21 am]
Billing code 4810-31-P

Citation: 60 FR 54579
Amended by: EO 13286, February 28, 2003;; ; See: Notice of October 16, 1996; Notice of October 17, 1997; Notice of October 19, 1998; Notice of October 19, 1999; Notice of October 19, 2000; Notice of October 16, 2001; Notice of October 16, 2002; No
 

About Paper Chase

Paper Chase is JURIST's real-time legal news service, powered by a team of 30 law student reporters and editors led by law professor Bernard Hibbitts at the University of Pittsburgh School of Law. As an educational service, Paper Chase is dedicated to presenting important legal news and materials rapidly, objectively and intelligibly in an accessible format.

© Copyright JURIST Legal News and Research Services, Inc., 2013.