Slavery was a socially accepted and promoted practice in Greek and Roman antiquity and in Eastern empires. The modern practice of human trafficking is another iteration in the history of the international slave trade. An intricate global network connected traders in Africa to merchants in emerging European countries, as well as buyers in the Americas. Warring states enslaved surviving opponents and kidnapped people from other states to provide bodies for slavery. Trade expanded when Portugal and other European powers built large fleets capable of sailing to Africa and trading with merchants involved in the Arab and African slave trade. Spanish explorers imported West Africans to the Americas, establishing a practice that lasted for over three centuries. Historians estimate that 11 million slaves were transported from Africa to the Americas, and over one million died from violence, smallpox and other fatal diseases during the tumultuous journey across the Atlantic known as


6/25/2013: UN rights expert urged Morocco to combat human trafficking

6/20/2013: Supreme Court ruled US cannot withhold HIV/AIDS funding over prostitution stance

6/3/2013: Japan and UN reached agreement to combat drug and human trafficking

1/4/2013: Tennessee judged ruled law concerning human trafficking unconstitutional

11/7/2012: ACLU challenged California's Proposition 35

9/25/2012: Obama signed order strengthening protections against human trafficking

7/20/2012: Federal judge dismissed largest US human trafficking case


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