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Legal news from Wednesday, November 5, 2008
23:11 EDT

[JURIST] Michigan became the thirteenth US state to legalize marijuana for medicinal use Tuesday after voters passed Proposition 1 [PDF text] by 63 percent to 37 percent [official results]. The Michigan Medical Marijuana Act urged by the Michigan Coalition for Compassionate Care [advocacy website] will go into effect 10 days [read more]

21:11 EDT

[JURIST] Voters in Nevada Tuesday approved [unofficial results] a ballot initiative that would restrict the state's ability to use eminent domain law to acquire private property. The initiative [Question 2 text, PDF] includes amendments to the Nevada State Constitution [text] which provides that all property rights are fundamentally constitutional, that [read more]

20:11 EDT

[JURIST] Members from all parties of the German parliament [official website] passed a resolution [PDF text, in German] Wednesday seeking to counter anti-Semitism [JURIST news archive] in the country. The measure requires the government to develop a report on anti-Semitic behavior and feelings in the country, and to provide funding [read more]

17:11 EDT

[JURIST] The US Supreme Court [official website; JURIST news archive] heard oral arguments [day call, PDF] Wednesday in two cases. In Negusie v. Mukasey [oral arguments transcript, PDF; merit briefs], the Court will consider whether the so-called "persecutor bar" in the Immigration and Naturalization Act (INA) [text], which prohibits the [read more]

15:11 EDT

[JURIST] Bosnian Serb war crimes suspect Radovan Karadzic [ICTY materials; JURIST news archive] refused to answer questions at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) [official website] Wednesday about war crimes committed during the 1994 Yugoslav civil war at the appeals hearing of Momcilo Krajisnik [ICTY materials]. Krajisnick, [read more]

14:11 EDT

[JURIST] Washington is in line to become the second US state to permit physician-assisted suicide after voters there Tuesday supported Initiative Measure 1000 [text and materials; unofficial results], which would allow terminally ill, legally competent adults to obtain lethal prescriptions without exposing themselves, their physicians or others to criminal penalties. [read more]

14:11 EDT

[JURIST] A constitutional amendment effectively banning same-sex marriage [JURIST news archive] appeared to pass in California with most of the vote counted Wednesday, while voters in Arizona and Florida Tuesday approved similar measures. In California, Proposition 8 [text and materials], which was placed on the ballot [JURIST report] by citizen [read more]

13:11 EDT

[JURIST] Voters in two US states with large immigrant populations on Tuesday defeated ballot measures dealing with illegal immigrants [JURIST news archive], according to unofficial results. In Arizona, an initiative [Proposition 202 text, PDF] would have revoked the business licenses of employers that knowingly hire illegal immigrants and would have [read more]

13:11 EDT

[JURIST] The Tokyo District Court on Wednesday sentenced [Daily Yomiuri report] former Japanese administrative vice defense minister Takemasa Moriya to two and a half years in prison for accepting bribes and committing perjury. In April, Moriya pleaded guilty [Daily Yomiuri report] to accepting approximately $126,000 worth of illegal benefits from [read more]

12:11 EDT

[JURIST] A ballot measure to prohibit governmental agencies from discriminating or granting preferences on the basis of race and sex [JURIST news archive] appeared to win approval from Nebraska voters Tuesday, while the outcome of a similar proposal in Colorado remained unclear midday Wednesday. In Nebraska, Initiated Measure 424 [PDF [read more]

12:11 EDT

[JURIST] Voters in California and South Dakota Tuesday rejected ballot measures that would restrict access to abortion [JURIST news archive], In California, Proposition 4 [text and materials] would have amended the state constitution to require that a physician notify a parent or legal guardian of an unemancipated minor who has [read more]

11:11 EDT

[JURIST] Israeli deputy permanent representative to the UN Daniel Carmon [official website] on Tuesday accused [text, DOC] the UN Human Rights Council (UNHRC) [official website; JURIST news archive] of "targeting Israel in an obsessive and discriminatory fashion" and "fail[ing] to uphold the basic standards of human rights in an impartial, [read more]

10:11 EDT

[JURIST] A panel of the US Court of Appeals for the DC Circuit [official website] on Tuesday suspended [PDF text] its review of Guantanamo Bay detainee Yasin Muhammed Basardh's status as an "enemy combatant," saying it may lack jurisdiction over the case. Basardh had petitioned the court to review a [read more]

09:11 EDT

[JURIST] Several members of the anti-drug trafficking force of Mexican President Felipe Calderon [official profile; BBC profile], including Interior Secretary Juan Camilo Mourino Terrazo [official profile, in Spanish; BBC profile], were killed Tuesday when their airplane crashed in Mexico City. Former chief drug crimes prosecutor Jose Luis Santiago Vasconcelos, four [read more]

09:11 EDT

[JURIST] A judge in the US District Court for the Northern District of Texas [official website] on Tuesday dismissed a suit filed by three Hispanic residents of the Dallas suburb of Farmers Branch [official website] to change the city council election voting system from at-large to district-based, a shift they [read more]

01:11 EDT

[JURIST] ICC Chief Prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo [official profile] on Tuesday reasserted [ICC press release] that the ICC has jurisdiction over war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide committed in the Congolese province of North and South Kivu in the wake of renewed fighting there [BBC report] and that his office [read more]

01:11 EDT

[JURIST] The US Department of Defense (DOD) [official website] on Tuesday announced [press release] the transfer of one Guantanamo Bay [JURIST news archive] detainee to Somaliland. DOD hailed the move as proof of the effectiveness of its review processes and of US desire not to hold detainees any longer than [read more]

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